New South Wales is the most populous state on the continent. Its capital, Sydney, draws the most visitors. The city is Australia’s financial center and has a cosmopolitan atmosphere. It is also home to many Australian symbols, such as the Opera House and Harbour Bridge. You can read about Sydney and its attractions in the cities category.
Victoria flourished in the middle of the 19th century, when gold mines were discovered and the state became Australia’s center of trade for many years. Most of Australia’s agricultural land is in Victoria, because of the mild climate, fertile ground, and the many rivers crossing it.
Queensland is situated in the eastern part of Australia, along a long coast called the “Great Barrier Reef.” Queensland is known for its excellent weather and is therefore also called “The Sunshine State.” Most of the year you will find clear skies here, and warm to hot weather.
South Australia spreads over dry and sparsely populated land with Adelaide as its capital. The state’s surface is made up of patches of breath-taking landscape: kilometers upon kilometers of sandy beaches.
Western Australia isolation is responsible for many of the state’s characteristics. This region covers the western third of the continent. This is a huge area: more than 2.5 million sq.km, with a 12,500 km long coastline. Many places within this immense expanse have never seen human presence.
Tasmania island lies south of Melbourne and is considered to be of extraordinary, untouched beauty. It is not terribly big, altogether 300 km from one side to the other. But its landscape is extremely varied, with a rich, fertile coast line, green hills, impressive mountains, and virgin forest being listed among the United Nation’s world treasures.
The Northern Territory is a wild and empty part of the country. Many consider it the “real Australia” – tough, mysterious and exciting. Although it makes up almost 20% of Australia’s landmass, its population amounts to only 198,000 residents – 1% of the entire population of the continent.